Papilla (or Papillae in plural) mushroom-like projections on the tongue that contain taste buds. These perceive basic flavors and textures, whereas much of what is sensed as flavor is informed by the aromatics perceived by the olfactory.
There are 4 types of papilla on the palate:
- Circumvallate papillae (contains taste buds)
- Fungiform papilla (contains taste buds)
- Filiform papilla (does not contain taste buds)
- Foliate papillae (contains taste buds)